Tiers for Fears and Other Emotions: A Cross-Linguistic Approach to Psych Lexis and Syntax

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/91225
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-912258
http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-32606
Dokumentart: Konferenzveröffentlichung
Date: 2019-07-31
Language: English
Faculty: 5 Philosophische Fakultät
Department: Allgemeine u. vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft
DDC Classifikation: 400 - Language and Linguistics
Keywords: Typologie , Übersetzungswissenschaft , Übersetzungstheorie , Lexikon , Gefühl
Other Keywords:
emotion lexis
typology
translation equivalence
psych verbs
License: Publishing license including print on demand
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Abstract:

A central issue in the comparative study of any linguistic category and its patterns is the necessity of choosing specific exponents in the target languages. This is particularly relevant for lexical domains rendering subjective and highly culturally informed phenomena such as emotions. We propose an alternative to the common solution of translating from English via native speaker inquiry and/or dictionaries. Elaborating upon current methodology in typological studies, we devised a systematic elicitation task which incorporates insights from cross-cultural psychological and anthropological research on human emotions. Our method facilitates the elicitation of extensive comparable inventories of emotion lexemes, many of which lack straightforward English equivalents and thus could not have been captured by a traditional translation-based approach. We show that this method can be used to investigate specific structural phenomena such as the psych alternation from a cross-linguistic perspective while minimizing translational bias.

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