A Lipoxygenase Sensor for Essential Fatty Acid (EFA) Determination

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URI: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-opus-3688
Dokumentart: Other
Date: 2001
Source: http://barolo.ipc.uni-tuebingen.de/biosensor2001/
Language: German
Faculty: 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Sonstige - Chemie und Pharmazie
DDC Classifikation: 540 - Chemistry and allied sciences
Keywords: Biosensor , Essentielle Fettsäuren , Omega-3-Fettsäuren
Other Keywords:
essential fatty acids
Other Contributors: Gauglitz, Günter
License: http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_ubt-nopod.php?la=de http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_ubt-nopod.php?la=en
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The essential fatty acids (EFAs) are a group of 12 compounds, but linoleic acid and a-linolenic acid are the only EFAs which are found in the diet, particularly in vegetable oils, in some abundance. The other on EFAs are either metabolic products of linoleic and a-linolenic acids or are found in the diet especially in marine foods, considerebly smaller amounts. The steadily growing knowledge about the correlation between the fatty acid composition of the diet and clinical disorders leads to a growing demand for a rapid and easy to use analytical device for fatty acid determination in foods. Up to date, the fatty acid composition of fats and oils is determined mainly by gas chromatography (GC), although GC is well established in lipid analysis and offers high sensitivities, it is still time consuming and laborious . In this study, we describe the development of enzyme sensors for the determination of w-3 and w-6 fatty acis from the mixture of EFAs. Since linoleic and a-linolenic acids show differences in first and second oxygenation activities, it is possible to analyse each of them in EFAs mixture. Lipoxygenases in general catalyse the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids containing a cis, cis-1,4-pentadiene system by molecular oxygen. The oxygen consumption due to the lipoxygenase catalysed oxygenation of EFAs monitored amperometrically. Lipoxygenase was immobilized on the surface of oxygen electrode by using different membrane systems. Each systems were compared with regard to linear ranges of the calibration plots, sensitivities, detection limits. Furthermore, optimization of working conditions (pH, temperature etc.) and stability tests were also studied.

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