Application of virtual anthropological techniques in the reconstruction and analysis of late Middle and Late Pleistocene hominin crania

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Dokumentart: Dissertation
Date: 2021-11-22
Language: English
Faculty: 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Geographie, Geoökologie, Geowissenschaft
Advisor: Chemere, Yonatan Sahle (Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2019-11-22
DDC Classifikation: 500 - Natural sciences and mathematics
550 - Earth sciences
Keywords: Evolution , Pleistozän , Homo sapiens
Other Keywords: Paläoanthropologie
Human evolution
License: Publishing license including print on demand
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In this cumulative dissertation, I employed virtual anthropological techniques and advanced reconstruction in order to analzye fragmentary and understudied fossil crania from Europe and eastern Africa. In doing so, this dissertation aimed to answer the following research questions: “1) What is the taxonomic attribution of the Kabua 1 cranium? 2) Does the morphology of the Cioclovina suprainiac region represent the Neanderthal condition? 3) Are suprainiac depressions in later Homo symplesiomorphic?” Overall, this dissertation stresses the need for holistic qualitative and quantitative methods to address current issues in the field of paleoanthropology. Additionally, this dissertation emphasizes the effectiveness of recently developed technologies and virtual anthropology to bring new light to historic paleoanthropological finds.

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