Landscape perspectives on variability in the Acheulean behavioural system in sub-Saharan Africa: A view from Koobi Fora and Elandsfontein

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dc.contributor.advisor Conard, Nicholas J. (Prof. Dr.)
dc.contributor.author Presnyakova, Darya
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-20T05:55:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-20T05:55:30Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-20
dc.identifier.other 1671735722 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/91731
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-917313 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-33112
dc.description.abstract The emergence of the Acheulean is understood to mark a key adaptive shift in several dimensions of hominin behaviour. Some archaeologists associate the onset of the Acheulean at ~1.7 Ma with the expansion of hominin foraging ranges involving increased mobility and tool transport distances, variability in strategies of stone raw material procurement and use and increased spatial and temporal depths of planning in the organization of stone tool production. Other scientists view Acheulean hominins as being tied to water and water related resources, as well as to stone raw-material sources across the landscape. In this second model, hominins rarely planned subsistence and technological activities in substantial spatial or temporal anticipation of future need. Very little quantitative archaeological data, however, have been published to support either of these models. We need to understand how Acheulean hominins organized and economized their technology on a landscape scale, to make quantitative assessments about how shifts in hominin cognition are manifested archaeologically. Here I develop a series of methods to (1) interrogate how Acheulean hominins organized and economized their technology on a landscape scale, and to (2) quantitatively assess how shifts in hominin cognition are manifested archaeologically. Few contexts exist that are conducive to such studies. Two of the more suitable sets of sites are (a) a set of spatially separated semi-contemporaneous early Acheulean (~1.4 Ma) sites in Koobi Fora, east Turkana, Kenya, consisting of the localities of FxJj65, FxJj63, FxJj37 and FxJj21, and, (b) a ~10 km2 dune field with multiple later Acheulean localities known as Elandsfontein, West Coast, South Africa (~1 Ma-600 Ka). Quantitative and qualitative analyses demonstrate that archaeological sites at Koobi Fora and at Elandsfontein were ‘fragmented’. In other words, hominins structured their tool manufacture, use, and maintenance patterns spatially across the landscape, a pattern that is not evident in the archaeological record preceding the Acheulean. This finding suggests that fragmentation may be a ‘pan-African’ feature of Acheulean hominin behaviour, potentially conflicting with inferences that Acheulean hominins were tied to resources, and did not plan their activities beyond immediate expedient tool manufacture and use. This thesis proposes a model wherein early and later Acheulean hominins used the landscape in flexible and systematic ways, at the geographic extremes of sub-Saharan Africa, implying a depth of planning in Acheulean hominins wherein technological activities were undertaken in substantial anticipation of future needs. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=de de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=en en
dc.subject.classification Archäologie , Evolution , Artefakt , Afrika de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 500 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 550 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 930 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 960 de_DE
dc.subject.other quantitative approaches to lithic analysis en
dc.subject.other hominin behavioural evolution en
dc.subject.other Early Stone Age en
dc.title Landscape perspectives on variability in the Acheulean behavioural system in sub-Saharan Africa: A view from Koobi Fora and Elandsfontein en
dc.type Dissertation de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2019-07-18
utue.publikation.fachbereich Geographie, Geoökologie, Geowissenschaft de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE

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