EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report

DSpace Repository


Dokumentart: Report (Bericht)
Date: 2008
Language: English
Faculty: Kriminologisches Repository
Department: Kriminologie
DDC Classifikation: 360 - Social problems and services; associations
Keywords: Terrorismus , Europäische Union
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The EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report (TESAT) was established in the aftermath of the 11 September 2001 attacks in the United States as a reporting mechanism from the EU Council’s Terrorism Working Party (TWP) to the European Parliament. The first five editions of the TE-SAT were presented by the respective Presidencies of the EU Council, “based on a file and on the analyses supplied by Europol” from member states’ contributions.1 At the beginning of 2006, Europol proposed to widen the data collection for the TE-SAT in order to enhance the quality of the report. The proposal was endorsed by the Justice and Home Affairs Council on 1 and 2 June 2006, and TE-SAT 2007 was based on a new methodology developed by Europol in consultation with the advisory board of 2006, consisting of the Finnish and German Presidencies, Eurojust and SitCen (the EU Joint Situation Centre).2 For TE-SAT 2008, the scope of the report has been slightly modified regarding the qualitative data, allowing the member states to report on criminal acts committed by extremists. This change has been made in consultation with the advisory board of TE-SAT 2008, consisting of the Portuguese and Slovenian Presidencies, Eurojust and SitCen. In accordance with ENFOPOL 65 (8196/2/06), the TE-SAT is an unclassified annual document which provides information on the phenomenon of terrorism in the EU. The TE-SAT discusses terrorism from a law enforcement point of view, i.e. as a “crime”, although terrorism is fundamentally a political phenomenon driven by political motives and oriented toward political ends. The TE-SAT is a situation report which describes and analyses the outward manifestations of terrorism, i.e. terrorist attacks and activities. It neither attempts to analyse the root causes of terrorism nor to assess the threat posed by terrorism. Furthermore, the TE-SAT does not assess the impact or effectiveness of counter-terrorism policies and law enforcement measures taken, despite the fact that they form an important part of the phenomenon. The TE-SAT is an EU report and, as such, aims at providing an overview of the situation in the EU rather that describing the situation in individual member states. It seeks to establish basic facts and figures regarding terrorist attacks, arrests and activities in the EU. The TE-SAT is also a trend report. Since a trend can be defined as a general tendency in the way a situation is changing or developing, the TE-SAT is a forward-looking report. As TE-SAT 2007 was the first report based on the new methodology, no comparison with previous years was possible. Consequently, TE-SAT 2008 is the first edition that attempts an analysis of trends. The TE-SAT is based mainly on information contributed by the member states concerning and resulting from criminal investigations into terrorist offences. The TE-SAT does not contain information which is classified or which could jeopardise ongoing investigations.

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