Time for Policy Redemption : A Review of the Evidence on the Disclosure of Criminal Records

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/87435
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-874354
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-874354
http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-28821
Dokumentart: Report (Bericht)
Date: 2018-03
Language: English
Faculty: Das kriminologische Repository des <a href="http://www.fidkrim.de">Fachinformationsdienstes Kriminologie</a> enthält forschungs- und fachrelevante Literatur mit dem Schwerpunkt auf "graue Literatur" (Berichte von Ministerien, amtliche Statistiken etc.). Alle Dokumente werden auch in der kriminologischen Literaturdatenbank <a href="https://krimdok.uni-tuebingen.de">KrimDok</a> nachgewiesen.
Department: Kriminologie
DDC Classifikation: 360 - Social problems and services; associations
Keywords: Kriminalakte
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Abstract:

There is wide variation in disclosure practices within and between the U.S, the U.K and Europe, although there is some consensus that reasons for checking criminal records by employers include: minimising risk of liability and loss; concerns surrounding public protection where the nature of employment includes working with vulnerable groups; assessments of moral character in terms of honesty and trustworthiness; and compliance with statutory occupational requirements (Blumstein and Nakamura, 2009). As the use of criminal record background checks by employers has become increasingly pervasive, having a criminal record can have significant effects on employment prospects producing ‘invisible punishment’ or ‘collateral consequences’ of contact with the justice system (Travis 2002). Taking into account that over 38% of men and 9% of women in Scotland are estimated to have at least one criminal conviction (McGuinness, McNeill and Armstrong, 2013), issues surrounding criminal record checking and disclosure in an employment context affect a large proportion of people.

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