Endogenous activity regulates the early development of adult-born neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/83825
Dokumentart: PhDThesis
Date: 2020-08-07
Language: English
Faculty: 4 Medizinische Fakultät
Department: Medizin
Advisor: Garaschuk, Olga (Prof. Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2018-07-25
DDC Classifikation: 500 - Natural sciences and mathematics
610 - Medicine and health
Keywords: Nervenzelle , Neurogenese , Aktivität , Entwicklung
Other Keywords:
adult-born neuron
olfactory bulb
adult neurogenesis
endogeneous activity
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Thousands of adult-born neurons are added to the mouse olfactory bulb on a daily basis. The mechanisms underlying the migration, morphogenesis and survival of adult-born neurons are not well understood. In the present work, we studied the roles of endogenous and sensory-driven neuronal activity in the in vivo development of adult-born neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb. We utilized the overexpression of potassium channel, Kv1.2 or Kir2.1, to genetically modify the endogenous activity of adult-born neurons. By using in vivo two-photon Ca2+ imaging in awake mice, we found a ubiquitous presence of spontaneous Ca2+ transients in control and even Kv1.2- and Kir2.1-overexpressing adult-born neurons. The overexpression of Kv1.2 or Kir2.1 selectively changed the spiking behavior of frequently or even continuously active cells by decreasing their fraction as well as their area under the curve and the maximum Twitch-2B ratio. We further monitored the in vivo development of these Kv1.2- and Kir2.1-overexpressing adult-born neurons and discovered that their migration, morphogenesis, odor-evoked responsiveness, and early-phase (14-25 DPI) survival rate were remarkably impaired. Furthermore, whereas Kv1.2-overexpressing adult-born neurons showed similar survival rate as control cells during the late-phase (25-45 DPI) survival, the Kir2.1-overexpressing cells showed significantly lower survival rate. It is probably because, unlike Kv1.2 overexpression which solely altered endogenous activity, Kir2.1 overexpression impaired both endogenous and sensory-driven activity. These data suggest that the survival of adult-born neurons was predominantly regulated by endogenous activity in the early phase and by sensory-driven activity in the late phase. Furthermore, we tested the role of sensory-driven activity in the development of adult-born neurons. The odor-deprived adult-born neurons displayed normal migration and morphology, thus suggesting that sensory-driven activity did not affect the early development of adult-born neurons. Further analysis revealed that the odor-deprived adult-born neurons maintained a normal level of endogenous activity. We also explored the interplay between endogenous and sensory-driven activity. Using in vivo Ca2+ imaging of individual cells, we found that impaired endogenous activity was paralleled by suppressed sensory-driven activity. However, odor deprivation did not change the properties of spontaneous activity in adult-born neurons. This data suggest that endogenous activity is robust in immature adult-born neurons. Finally, we explored which signaling pathway is involved in the development of adult-born neurons. Our results demonstrated that pCREB expression was down-regulated in Kv1.2- and Kir2.1-overexpressing adult-born neurons. We propose that impaired endogenous neuronal activity inhibits Ca2+-pCREB signaling pathway as well as the expression of pCREB-dependent genes. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that endogenous but not sensory-driven activity plays a key role in regulating migration, morphogenesis and early-phase survival of adult-born neurons in the mouse olfactory bulb, and identify an important role of Kv1.2/Kir2.1 in the developmental processes mentioned above. Furthermore, our work also identifies CREB signaling pathway as a mediator of the early development of adult-born neurons. Moreover, sensory-driven activity predominantly regulates neuronal survival in the late phase.

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