On the individual learning of primate material culture

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dc.contributor.advisor Conard, Nicholas (Prof. PhD)
dc.contributor.author Bandini, Elisa
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-08T09:21:32Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-08T09:21:32Z
dc.date.issued 2018-08
dc.identifier.other 508373794 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/83653
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-836536 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-25044
dc.description.abstract The cognition behind tool-use in primates is studied across a wide variety of fields, ranging from animal behaviour, biology, archaeology, anthropology, history, to psychology. This thesis encapsulates an interdisciplinary approach to studying and interpreting the phylogenetic origins of individual learning behind tool-use in non-human primates. The introduction chapter presents the background to this thesis, introducing concepts such as the Zone of Latent Solutions hypothesis (Tennie et al., 2009), Vygotsky’s (1978) ZAD and ZPD theories, and the current state of animal tool-use research. Chapter II provides a literature review of individual learning of tool-use across animal species, presenting a novel picture of animal tool-use: one in which individual learning, rather than social learning, can drive and sustain animal material culture. Chapter III then discusses the positive results of four independent experimental studies on the individual learning abilities of naïve, captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) across wildlife parks in Europe and a sanctuary in Africa. Chapter IV discusses the results of a study with naïve long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis fascicularis) that failed to reinnovate the pound-hammering behaviour observed in a wild subspecies. Similarly, Chapter V presents the results of a study on the stone knapping abilities of naïve chimpanzees, in which the chimpanzees did not individually or socially learn how to make flakes, contrary to predictions. The last two chapters (IV and V) explore some possible explanations for the lack of reinnovation observed in these two populations. Finally, the discussion (in chapter VI) summarises the main findings and presents some limitations and objections to the studies, alongside recommendations for future work. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=de de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=en en
dc.subject.classification Archäologie , Primaten , Werkzeug de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 590 de_DE
dc.subject.other Primate en
dc.subject.other Individual learning en
dc.subject.other Material culture en
dc.subject.other tool-use en
dc.subject.other social learning en
dc.title On the individual learning of primate material culture en
dc.type Dissertation de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2018-07-16
utue.publikation.fachbereich Ur- und Frühgeschichte de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE

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