The Correlation between Astrocytic Calcium and fMRI Signals is Related to the Thalamic Regulation of Cortical States

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Dokumentart: PhDThesis
Date: 2020-05-07
Source: Published in :Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115(7) E1647-E1656.
Language: English
Faculty: 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Biologie
Advisor: Yu, Xin (Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2018-05-08
DDC Classifikation: 500 - Natural sciences and mathematics
570 - Life sciences; biology
Keywords: Funktionelle Kernspintomografie, Astrozyt, Calcium
Other Keywords:
brain states
Functional magnetic resonance imaging
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BOLD fMRI has been wildly used for mapping brain activity, but the cellular contribution of BOLD signals is still controversial. In this study, we investigated the correlation between neuronal/astrocytic calcium and the BOLD signal using simultaneous GCaMP-mediated calcium and BOLD signal recording, in the event-related state and in resting state, in anesthetized and in free-moving rats. To our knowledge, the results provide the first demonstration that evoked and intrinsic astrocytic calcium signals could occur concurrently accompanied by opposite BOLD signals which are associated with vasodilation and vasoconstriction. We show that the intrinsic astrocytic calcium is involved in brain state changes and is related to the activation of central thalamus. First, by simultaneous LFP and fiber optic calcium recording, the results show that the coupling between LFP and calcium indicates that neuronal activity is the basis of the calcium signal in both neurons and astrocytes. Second, we found that evoked neuronal and astrocytic calcium signals are always positively correlated with BOLD responses. However, intrinsic astrocytic calcium signals are accompanied by the activation of the central thalamus followed by a striking negative BOLD signal in cortex, which suggests that central thalamus may be involved in the initiation of the intrinsic astrocytic calcium signal. Third, we confirmed that the intrinsic astrocytic calcium signal is preserved in free moving rats. Moreover, the occurrences of intrinsic astrocytic calcium spikes are coincident with the transition between different sleep stages, which suggests intrinsic astrocytic calcium spikes reflect brain state transitions. These results demonstrate that the correlation between astrocytic calcium and fMRI signals is related to the thalamic regulation of cortical states. On the other hand, by studying the relationship between vessel–specific BOLD signals and spontaneous calcium activity from adjacent neurons, we show that low frequency spontaneous neuronal activity is the cellular mechanism of the BOLD signal during resting state.

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