Community Policing - Comparative Aspects of Community Oriented Police Work

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Dokumentart: Konferenzveröffentlichung
Date: 1993
Source: Empirische Polizeiforschung ; (1993) 5
Language: English
Faculty: Kriminologisches Repository
Department: Kriminologie
DDC Classifikation: 360 - Social problems and services; associations
Keywords: Gemeinwesenbezogene Polizeiarbeit , Internationaler Vergleich
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In the early 1980's, the outlines of a new direction for poli- cing, know as "community policing", began to emerge and take root throughout the United States and many other coun- tries. Since then interest in community policing has grown rapidly and police in many jurisdictions have developed and implemented some form of community policing. Officers were freed to engage in proactive crime prevention. Police operations were more visible, increasing police accountabili- ty to the public. Operations were decentralized to meet the needs of various neighborhoods and constituencies. Citizens were encouraged to take more initiative in preventing crimes and became partners with police, improving relations bet- ween the police and the public. Evidence from field experi- ments tested the theory that closer ties between the police and the citizens of the community, raise levels of citizen satisfaction with police services, improve the quality of com- munity life, and lower the levels of fear of crime. The articles in this book were put together after a symposi- um on the occassion of the 30th anniverary of the Institute of Criminology at the University of Heidelberg. The idea was to summarize and to actualize the discussion on the concept of Community Policing and to consider the actual situation in some Eastern European countries.

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