Characterization of cortico-subthalamic networks during deep brain stimulation surgery in Parkinson’s disease

DSpace Repository


Dateien:

URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/74165
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-741651
http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-15571
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Date: 2018-12-19
Language: English
Faculty: 4 Medizinische Fakultät
Department: Medizin
Advisor: Gharabaghi, Alireza (Prof. Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2016-12-20
DDC Classifikation: 610 - Medicine and health
Keywords: Parkinson-Krankheit
License: Publishing license including print on demand
Order a printed copy: Print-on-Demand
Show full item record

Abstract:

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established symptomatic treatment for Parkinson’s diseases (PD). However, knowledge on local electrophysiological biomarkers within the STN and their cortical connectivity profile is still scarce. Such information would be necessary for optimal positioning of the DBS leads based on PD network pathophysiology. This thesis describes the introduction and exploration of a novel technique for electrophysiological measurements during DBS surgery. Combined electroencephalography (EEG) with stepwise local field potentials recordings during insertion of the DBS lead was performed intraoperatively, thereby, allowing to capture local STN and cortico-subthalamic physiology with high speactral and spatial specificity. Our results revealed that strong beta oscillatory activity in the STN was located more dorsally than the STN-ipsilateral motor network phase coupling; the respective frequency bands were in the low and high beta-band, respectively. Moreover, the spot within the STN, where this STN-cortical phase coupling occurred, correlated highly with the STN spot where the phase of beta oscillations modulated the amplitude of high-frequency oscillations. This STN location was furthermore, characterized by information flowed from the ipsilateral motor cortex to the STN in the high beta-band suggesting a pathologically synchronized network with a direct STN-motor cortex connection via the hyperdirect pathway. Interestingly, the very same STN spot showed a resonance like responses to electrical stimulation suggesting a decoupling of pathologically synchronized STN-motor cortex connectivity during therapeutic DBS. In conclusion, this PhD thesis provides first evidence that macroelectrode recordings with the chronic electrode concurrent with EEG recordings are a reliable method for STN localization during DBS surgery. Additionally, combining LFP and EEG recordings during mapping of STN offered a new way of DBS targeting on the basis of pathological local biomarkers and network activity.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)