Identification of genetic modifiers of ACCELERATED CELL DEATH 6 (ACD6) in natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions

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dc.contributor.advisor Weigel, Detlef (Prof. Dr.) Zaidem, Maricris 2016-10-31T13:12:53Z 2016-10-31T13:12:53Z 2016-10-31
dc.identifier.other 47906279X de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract Plants defend themselves against pathogens by activating responses that can also cause unintended collateral damage to the plant itself. Improved understanding of the evolutionary constraints and molecular mechanisms affecting these responses can provide means to minimize the tradeoff between disease-related losses and hyperimmunity-related yield drag in crops. As a model to investigate this problem, I have exploited natural variation at the ACCELERATED CELL DEATH 6 (ACD6) gene, which controls a major trade-off between growth and disease resistance among natural accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana. The hyperactive allele ACD6-Est-1 is known to confer broad-spectrum immunity, but at the same time to also negatively affect growth in many A. thaliana accessions. Here, I first surveyed a large collection of A. thaliana genomes for the presence of Est-like ACD6 alleles. I confirmed that not all accessions with this allele express overt hyperimmunity. I then demonstrated that Est-like ACD6 alleles from accessions that do not show the typical autoimmune phenotype normally associated with this allele could confer hyperimmunity when transformed into a different genetic background, indicating that the attenuation of the Est-like ACD6 phenotype was likely due to extragenic modifiers. I then investigated pathogen responses of several of these accessions more closely. My experiments revealed that reduced growth and immune responses were partially uncoupled in some of these accessions. These findings dovetailed with genetic results suggesting that different accessions contain genetically distinct modifiers of the typical Est-like ACD6 phenotype. Finally, I demonstrated by quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping that these modifiers are located in different regions of the genome, with one of the modifiers potentially being a gene in cluster of genes encoding nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat (NLR) immune receptors. This is an important finding, as ACD6 had previously been linked only to PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI), but not to effector-triggered immunity (ETI), which predominantly relies on NLR immune receptors. My study thus provides new insights into the complex genetic interactions that affect disease resistance and growth. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Schmalwand <Arabidopsis> , Ackerschmalwand , Autoimmunität de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 500 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 570 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 580 de_DE
dc.subject.other ACD6 en
dc.subject.other plant immunity en
dc.subject.other genetic modifiers en
dc.subject.other population genetics en
dc.subject.other evolution en
dc.subject.other Cress <Arabidopsis> Genetics en
dc.subject.other General Botany en
dc.subject.other QTL en
dc.subject.other genetic map en
dc.subject.other plants en
dc.subject.other autoimmunity en
dc.title Identification of genetic modifiers of ACCELERATED CELL DEATH 6 (ACD6) in natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2016-07-29
utue.publikation.fachbereich Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE


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