Study of the apicoplast biology in Plasmodium falciparum during erythrocytic schizogony

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dc.contributor.advisor Duszenko, Michael (Prof. Dr.) Ndungu, Duncan Ndegwa 2016-07-21T12:24:07Z 2016-07-21T12:24:07Z 2018
dc.identifier.other 507678931 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract Based on its prokaryotic nature, the apicoplast in Plasmodium falciparum is a unique target with great potential for generation of both chemotherapeutic and immunization intervention strategies against malaria. It is therefore essential to understand its biology. This study used a drug based approach to explore new aspects of apicoplast biology. In part 1 of this study the established antibiotic clindamycin was used to study biogenesis and function of the apicoplast during erythrocytic schizogony. The data in this study showed that during erythrocytic schizogony, clindamycin inhibits the egress machinery of the parasite by inhibiting the biogenesis and function of the apicoplast. Interestingly, in order to egress from erythrocyte, these parasites rely on an unusual early supplementation with isopentenyl pyrophosphate or zaprinast. The data in this study further showed that, the apicoplast in P. falciparum is required during egress by playing a role in the secretion of proteins required for egress. In this way, this study expands the current understanding of the biology of the apicoplast and the mode of action of this antibiotic during erythrocytic schizogony. In part 2 of this study, experimental antibiotics called acyldepsipeptides (ADEPS) were tested to determine whether they can target the biogenesis or function of the apicoplast in P. falciparum during erythrocytic schizogony and therefore whether they can be used as antimalarial drugs. The data in this study shows that ADEPS are able to inhibit growth of P. falciparum. On one hand, in parasites containing the apicoplast they appear to inhibit its biogenesis and or function. On the other hand, ADEPS also inhibit the growth of P. falciparum parasite lacking the apicoplast. Consequently, in P. falciparum, ADEPS appear to have apicoplast dependent targets and apicoplast independent targets. Never-the-less, ADEPS appear to be active against P. falciparum and therefore they can be invoked as antimalarial drugs. This study therefore contributes to the expansion of the arsenal to combat malaria. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.subject.classification Plasmodium falciparum de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 500 de_DE
dc.title Study of the apicoplast biology in Plasmodium falciparum during erythrocytic schizogony en
dc.type Dissertation de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2016-07-15
utue.publikation.fachbereich Biochemie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE


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