Using computational criteria to extract large Swadesh lists for lexicostatistics

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Show simple item record Dellert, Johannes Buch, Armin 2016-03-02T09:49:03Z 2016-03-02T09:49:03Z 2016-03-02
dc.identifier.other 457035439 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract We propose a new method for empirically determining lists of basic concepts for the purpose of compiling extensive lexicostatistical databases. The idea is to approximate a notion of “swadeshness” formally and reproducibly without expert knowledge or bias, and being able to rank any number of concepts given enough data. Unlike previous approaches, our procedure indirectly measures both stability of concepts against lexical replacement, and their proneness to phenomena such as onomatopoesia and extensive borrowing. The method provides a fully automated way to generate customized Swadesh lists of any desired length, possibly adapted to a given geographical region. We apply the method to a large lexical database of Northern Eurasia, deriving a swadeshness ranking for more than 5,000 concepts expressed by German lemmas. We evaluate this ranking against existing shorter lists of basic concepts to validate the method, and give an English version of the 300 top concepts according to this ranking. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Sprachstatistik , Phylogenetik de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 400 de_DE
dc.subject.other Lexicostatistics en
dc.subject.other Swadesh lists en
dc.subject.other phylogenetic linguistics en
dc.title Using computational criteria to extract large Swadesh lists for lexicostatistics en
dc.type InProceedings (Aufsatz / Paper einer Konferenz etc.) de_DE
utue.publikation.fachbereich Allgemeine u. vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 5 Philosophische Fakultät de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 5 Philosophische Fakultät de_DE
utue.opus.portal CPAL de_DE


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