The Influence of the Electrode Material on the Sensor Characteristics of SnO2 Thick Film Gas Sensors

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dc.contributor.advisor Weimar, Udo (Prof. Dr.) Rank, Sven 2015-01-12T11:47:17Z 2015-01-12T11:47:17Z 2014-12
dc.identifier.other 424247208 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract A chemoresistive SnO₂ based gas sensor allows for measuring the resistance of the sensing layer between two electrodes in order to provide information about the chemical composition of the ambient atmosphere. It is well documented that besides making possible the resistance measurement, the noble metal electrodes have an impact on the sensing performance because of various reasons. Some of them are purely electric in nature - the electrode gap determines the number of grain-grain boundaries - but there is also an important chemical influence due to the catalytic processes taking place at the three phase boundary: electrode/metal oxide/ambient atmosphere. By only measuring the sensor resistance one experiences all those influences but one also lacks the needed information to be able to understand their causes and the way in which it would be possible to use them. In this work we report on operando measurements performed on screen printed thick-film SnO₂ sensors on Al₂O₃ substrates and on the corresponding model systems for the electrode-metal oxide interface: mixtures between SnO₂ powders and micrometric Au and Pt powders. The measurements were performed in dry and humid air backgrounds in the presence of various CO, H₂ and oxygen concentrations. The experimental methods are DC electrical measurements, catalytic conversion experiments and DRIFTS measurements. Thus it could be shown, that for sensors with gold electrodes at lower working temperatures, the activation of the oxygen adsorption and the resulting increase of ionosorbed oxygen, makes the sensor more capable for reaction with gases like CO and H₂. Sensors with platinum electrodes, on the other hand, show decreased signals at selected temperatures because of the direct conversion at the noble metal electrodes. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podno de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Sensor , Gas , Elektrode de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 540 de_DE
dc.subject.other gas sensor en
dc.subject.other electrode en
dc.subject.other SnO2 de_DE
dc.subject.other Gassensor de_DE
dc.subject.other Metalloxide de_DE
dc.title The Influence of the Electrode Material on the Sensor Characteristics of SnO2 Thick Film Gas Sensors en
dc.type Dissertation de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2014-10-10
utue.publikation.fachbereich Chemie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE


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