Chitosan based Butyrylcholinesterase Biosensor for the Pesticide Detection

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dc.contributor Ege University, Faculty of Science, Biochemistry Department, 35100-Bornova/Izmir-TURKEY de_CH
dc.contributor Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie de_DE Timur, Suna de_DE Telefoncu, Azmi de_DE
dc.contributor.other Gauglitz, Günter de_DE 2001-11-12 de_DE 2014-03-18T10:09:27Z 2001-11-12 de_DE 2014-03-18T10:09:27Z 2001 de_DE
dc.identifier.other 099530023 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract The increasing concern for ground water pollution, due to the use of pesticides in agriculture, requires a strong effort in order to detect pollutants with reliable, economical and rapid methods; some pollutants like pesticides and heavy metals, infact, are very dangerous for human health. Pesticides are highly toxic compounds and some of them are powerfull inhibitors of enzymes involved in nerve functions. It is true that they show low environmental persistence but they have acut toxicity and therefore, there is a demand for fast screening methods for low concentrations of these pollutants. Detection methods currently used (LC, GC-MS) are not suitable as rapid screening methods, as they are time consuming and provide only discontinuous analysis. In this study, our goal was to develop a rapid and cheaper method for pesticide analysis. It is based on the potentiometric determination of the inhibiting properties of the pesticides on the cholinesterase activity. The enzyme butyrylcholinesterase is immobilized on the surface of the pH-electrode by using chitosan membrane, then the measuring conditions (pH, temperature, ionic strenght) were optimized. On the other hand, organic phase stabilitiy of the enzyme electrode was also tested. A temperature of 25 oC and pH 8.5 were found to be optimum conditions. All measurements were carried out 2.5 mM borate buffer (pH 8.5) at 25 oC. Furthermore, dependence of enzyme inhibition of the pesticide concentration and the regeneration conditions of inhibitted enzyme were achieved. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-nopod de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Biosensor , Grundwasserüberwachung de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 540 de_DE
dc.title Chitosan based Butyrylcholinesterase Biosensor for the Pesticide Detection en
dc.type Other de_DE 2010-02-10 de_DE
utue.publikation.fachbereich Sonstige - Chemie und Pharmazie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE
dcterms.DCMIType Text de_DE
utue.publikation.typ report de_DE 369 de_DE
utue.publikation.source de_DE


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