Monitoring of Nutrient Bioavailability Using Recombinant Cyanobacterial Reporter Strains

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Dokumentart: Sonstiges
Date: 2001
Language: English
Faculty: 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Sonstige - Chemie und Pharmazie
DDC Classifikation: 540 - Chemistry and allied sciences
Keywords: Biosensor , Blaualgen , Bioverfügbarkeit
Other Keywords:
Cyanobacteria , nutrient bioavailability
Other Contributors: Gauglitz, Günter
License: xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-dc-rights_value_ubt-nopod
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Massive growth of cyanobacteria, known as 'algal blooms', have become a major concern for water monitoring. Besides their negative effect on turbidity, taste and smell, cyanobacteria are associated with severe toxin production. However, the reasons for formation of cyanobacterial blooms are still not completely understood. It has been observed that certain patterns of P, N, and Fe-availability promote their increased proliferation and toxin production. In order to investigate bloom forming environmental conditions two cyanobacterial reporter strains under control of nutrient responsive genetic elements have been constructed. M1415 is a phosphorus responsive strain of Synechococcus PCC 7942. Its genomic DNA harbors the gene coding the reporter protein luciferase from Vibrio harveyi under control of the inducible alkaline phosphatase promoter from Synechococcus PCC 7942, and it can be induced under phosphorus limitation [1]. NblA_2000 is the nitrogen responsive strain of Synechocystis PCC 6803 harboring an insertion of luxAB::kmr within nblA1 in its chromosomal DNA, and can be induced under nitrogen limitation. M1415 and NblA_2000 are able to detect phosphorus and nitrogen bioavailability, respectively, in physiological and ecological relevant concentration range. To increase the practicality of the concept, luminescent sensor strains were immobilized using agar as the matrix and “packaged” into an easy-to-use biosensor format.

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