Establishment of a perfused system for 3D-cultured jaw periosteal cells and impact of the jaw periosteal cell secretome on dendritic cell maturation

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Dokumentart: PhDThesis
Date: 2023-11-14
Language: English
Faculty: 4 Medizinische Fakultät
Department: Zahnmedizin
Advisor: Alexander-Friedrich, Dorothea (Prof. Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2023-10-16
DDC Classifikation: 610 - Medicine and health
Keywords: Differenzierung , Zelle , Gerüst , Perfusion , Dendritische Zelle , Sekretion , Immunmodulation
Other Keywords:
perfusion bioreactor system
tangential and sigmoidal flow configuration
jaw periosteal cells
bioresorbable  -TCP scaffold
cell proliferation
osteogenic differentiation
mesenchymal stem cells
secretomes CD14+monocytes
dendritic cellmaturation
mixed lymphocyte reactions
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Perfused bioreactor systems are considered to be a promising approach for the 3D culturing of stem cells by improving the quality of the tissue-engineered grafts in terms of better cell proliferation and deeper penetration of used scaffold materials. Our study aims to establish an optimal perfusion culture system for jaw periosteal cell (JPC)-seeded scaffolds. For this purpose, we used beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds as a three-dimensional structure for cell growth and osteogenic differentiation. Experimental set-ups of tangential and sigmoidal fluid configurations with medium flow rates of 100 and 200 μL/min were applied within the perfusion system. Cell metabolic activities of 3D-cultured JPCs under dynamic conditions with flow rates of 100 and 200 μL/min were increased in the tendency after 1, and 3 days of culture, and were significantly increased after 5 days. Significantly higher cell densities were detected under the four perfused conditions compared to the static condition at day 5. However, cell metabolic and proliferation activity under dynamic conditions showed flow rate independency in our study. In this study, dynamic conditions increased the expression of osteogenic markers (ALPL, COL1A1, RUNX2, and OCN) compared to static conditions and the tangential configuration showed a stronger osteogenic effect than the sigmoidal flow configuration. The jaw periosteal tissue is generally recognized as a suitable source for the isolation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In previous studies we showed evidence that two- and three-dimensionally cultured jaw periosteum-derived MSCs (JPCs) are able to induce a more immature phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs). To further expand our knowledge of JPCs' immunoregulative function, we investigated the effects of JPC secretomes derived from undifferentiated (CO) or osteogenically differentiated cells (treated with or without dexamethasone: OB+/- D) on CD14+ monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs). We detected a remarkably reduced formation of MoDC homotypic clusters under the influence of secretomes from osteogenically induced JPCs. Further, significantly decreased numbers of CD83+ cells, up-regulated CD209 and down-regulated CD80, CD86 and CD197 expression levels were detected on the surface of MoDCs. Whereas secretomes from JPCs osteogenically stimulated with dexamethasone significantly enhanced FITC-dextran uptake capacity of MoDCs, the increase by secretomes of JPCs treated without dexamethasone did not reach significance. The analysis of mixed lymphocyte reactions revealed that OB+/-D secretomes were able to significantly reduce the numbers of proliferating CD14- peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and of proliferating CD4+ T cells. The OB-D secretome significantly promoted the expansion of regulatory CD25+ T cells. Regarding gene expression of MoDCs, remarkably up-regulated mRNA expression of CD209, HLA-DRA, CSF3, IL10 and IL8 was detected when DCs were cultured in the presence of OB+/-D secretomes. At the same time, secretomes seemed to have an impact in the down-regulation of IFNγ and IL12B gene expression. At protein level, OB+/-D secretomes significantly up-regulated IL-10 and IDO (indoleamine-pyrrole 2,3-dioxygenase) levels whereas IL-12/IL- 23p40 levels were down-regulated in supernatants of MoDCs when cultured under the presence of OB+/-D secretomes. Taken together, while secretomes from untreated JPCs had only little effects on the process of maturation of MoDCs, secretomes derived from osteogenically induced JPCs were able to inhibit the phenotypic and functional maturation of MoDCs.

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