Hearing the message and seeing the messenger: The role of talker information in spoken language comprehension

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dc.contributor.advisor Weber, Andrea (Prof. Dr.)
dc.contributor.author Truong, Thanh Lan
dc.date.accessioned 2023-08-01T13:26:55Z
dc.date.available 2023-08-01T13:26:55Z
dc.date.issued 2023-08-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/143744
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-1437441 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-85088
dc.description.abstract The acoustic signal consists of various layers of information that we often process unconsciously. Most importantly, they contain both linguistic and indexical information, which are the two fundamental components within the sound input. Even though the meaning of the word does not change when spoken by multiple speakers, the same word never sounds exactly the same. That is because individuals introduce all kinds of variation to the speech input. Hence, through segmental and suprasegmental information, listeners can discern the nativeness (native vs. non-native) of the talker and the age of the talker (adult vs. child). Both non-native talkers and child talkers deviate from the standard norms of pronunciation of native adults and show variation both within and between talkers. The main difference between non-native adults and native children is that, for non-native talkers, variation is driven by their native language, meaning that the phonological structures of their native language interact with their second language; therefore, they maintain a foreign accent. For children, however, variation is driven by development, such that children's competencies in their motor skills depend on their current stage of language development. While there has been extensive research on foreign-accented speech, there is little knowledge about child speech. Especially the processing of child speech has only been investigated by a few studies so far. Hence, the central question of the dissertation is "What is the role of talker information in spoken language comprehension?" This question was investigated from three distinct angles: The first project examined talker information from an auditory-only perspective, the second project investigated talker information from an audio-visual perspective, and the third project studied the impact of talker information on listeners' credibility ratings in the socio-linguistic context. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=de de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=en en
dc.subject.classification Linguistik , Psycholinguistik , Gedächtnis , Phonologie , Phonetik , Sprachverarbeitung , Hörverstehen , Gesprochene Sprache , Glaubwürdigkeit , Soziolinguistik , Deutsch de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 400 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 420 de_DE
dc.subject.other Kinderstimmen de_DE
dc.subject.other Sprecherstimmen de_DE
dc.subject.other indexical information en
dc.subject.other Sprecheridentität de_DE
dc.subject.other child speech en
dc.subject.other talker identity en
dc.subject.other talker information en
dc.subject.other psycholinguistics en
dc.title Hearing the message and seeing the messenger: The role of talker information in spoken language comprehension en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2023-07-20
utue.publikation.fachbereich Anglistik, Amerikanistik de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 5 Philosophische Fakultät de_DE
utue.publikation.noppn yes de_DE

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