Hominins, mammoths, saber-tooths and giant hyenas in the Early Pleistocene of the Baza Basin (SE Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Espigares, M. PatrocinIo
dc.contributor.author MartÍnez-Navarro, Bienvenido
dc.contributor.author Ros-Montoya, Sergio
dc.contributor.author José Manuel, GarcÍa-Aguilar
dc.contributor.author Guerra-Merchán, Antonio
dc.contributor.author RodrÍguez-Gómez, Guillermo
dc.contributor.author Palmqvist, Paul
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-14T08:17:42Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-14T08:17:42Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-14
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/114226
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-55601
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-1142260 de_DE
dc.description.abstract The Baza Basin preserves an exceptional Plio-Pleis- tocene palaeontological record, which includes the earliest evidence of human presence in western Eu- rope, dated to ~1.4 Ma, coming from the sites of Barranco León and Fuente Nueva-3, in the vicinity of the town of Orce. In this geographical region, early Homo coexisted and likely competed with the giant, short-faced hyena Pachycrocuta brevirostris for the exploitation of prey carcasses abandoned by saber-tooth cats (Megantereon and Homotheri- um). The presence of these hypercarnivorous felids favored the surviving of both scavenging species (Homo and Pachycrocuta), as they exploited their prey to a lesser extent than the living pantherine felids. In this context, proboscideans were an ex- ploited food resource, as evidenced by the presence of a partial skeleton of the mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis in Fuente Nueva-3, which was sur- rounded by lithic artifacts and hyena coprolites. This association suggests that both hominins and hyenas fed on the mammoth carcass. Some paths for elucidating their pattern of access to these re- sources are also discussed. de_DE
dc.description.sponsorship The symposium and the volume "Human-elephant interactions: from past to present" were funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. de_DE
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.relation.ispartofseries Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology;1
dc.subject.other Orce de_DE
dc.subject.other Barranco León de_DE
dc.subject.other Fuente Nueva-3 de_DE
dc.subject.other Mammuthus meridionalis de_DE
dc.subject.other Pachycrocuta brevirostris de_DE
dc.title Hominins, mammoths, saber-tooths and giant hyenas in the Early Pleistocene of the Baza Basin (SE Spain) de_DE
dc.type Buch (einzelnes Kapitel) de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present de_DE
utue.publikation.source Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present de_DE
utue.publikation.noppn yes de_DE

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