From tortoises to elephants: the impact of elephants in the broad spectrum diet at Bolomor Cave (MIS 9–5 Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Blasco, Ruth
dc.contributor.author Peris, Josep Fernández
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-14T06:52:51Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-14T06:52:51Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-14
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/114210
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-55585
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-1142105 de_DE
dc.description.abstract Animal exploitation strategies have occupied a prominent place in the debate about the timing and nature of the modern human behavior. The discussions have basically focused on the ability to make an intensive use of seasonal resources, to hunt large or dangerous animals and to exploit fast-moving small game. Both large-sized herbi- vores and small prey are therefore considered a key variable to assess fundamental aspects of the evolution of subsistence strategies. In this work we present zooarchaeological data from the Middle Pleistocene site of Bolomor Cave (Valencia, Spain, MIS 9–5e), which has been interpreted as a habitat place. Its taxonomic representation extends from very large-sized herbivores (elephants, hippopot- amuses and rhinoceroses) to very small-sized an- imals (lagomorphs, birds and tortoises), or even exotic animals like macaque. Elephant specimens are documented along the stratigraphic sequence from level Ia, IV, V, XII, XIII and XVII. Most of the elephant individuals are immature and partial- ly represented. Nevertheless, the bone fragments recovered coincide with the general anatomical profile of the medium- and large-sized ungulates, which is mainly characterized by stylopodials, zeu- gopodials and mandibles. Evidence of human use of small prey from the earliest phases of site oc- cupation (sublevel XVIIc) is also attested in form of cut marks, intentional bone breakages, human tooth marks and burning patterns. The exploita- tion of small prey, alongside to the very large game identified at the site, indicates a generalist human behavior based on a broad spectrum diet (BSD), which contributes to document the diversity in the lifestyles of the human communities of the Euro- pean Middle Pleistocene. de_DE
dc.description.sponsorship The symposium and the volume "Human-elephant interactions: from past to present" were funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. de_DE
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.relation.ispartofseries Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology;1
dc.subject.other Middle Pleistocene de_DE
dc.subject.other Mediterranean basin de_DE
dc.subject.other broad spectrum diet de_DE
dc.subject.other elephants de_DE
dc.subject.other Bolomor Cave de_DE
dc.title From tortoises to elephants: the impact of elephants in the broad spectrum diet at Bolomor Cave (MIS 9–5 Spain) de_DE
dc.type Buch (einzelnes Kapitel) de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present de_DE
utue.publikation.source Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present de_DE
utue.publikation.noppn yes de_DE

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