Underwater carcass storage and processing of marrow, brains, and dental pulp: evidence for the role of proboscideans in human subsistence

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dc.contributor.author Fisher, Daniel C.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-14T04:58:59Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-14T04:58:59Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-14
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/114208
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-55583
dc.description.abstract Skeletal material of Late Pleistocene proboscideans in the North American Great Lakes region is often preserved in fine-grained, organic-rich sediment characteristic of small lakes and wetlands. Patterns of spatial distribution and articulation of bones often suggest that carcass parts were emplaced as multiple clusters of anatomically disparate butch- ery units, each including multiple bones. Clusters of skeletal material are sometimes associated with features that may have served as anchors intend- ed to keep carcass parts tethered to a selected lo- cation within a pond, despite gas accumulation within soft tissues. One type of anchor consists of lithic material ranging from sand to gravel, where these sediments appear to have occupied a cylin- drical container that was probably a length of in- testine from the butchered animal. One site with well-documented “clastic anchors” also preserved two “marking posts” (an inverted main axis of spruce and an unidentified lateral axis) extending into sediment below the bone horizon but trun- cated by decomposition at the bone horizon. Each post probably extended to the pond surface at the time of emplacement and would have been visi- ble from shore. These features suggest a practice of securing, concealing, and returning to utilize groups of nutritionally significant carcass parts stored underwater. Ethnographic parallels and ra- tionales (extended time and reduced uncertainty of resource access) for this behavior are known, and experimental studies of subaqueous meat storage using deer heads, legs of lamb, and an adult draft horse show it to be effective over timescales rang- ing from months to years. de_DE
dc.description.sponsorship The symposium and the volume "Human-elephant interactions: from past to present" were funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. de_DE
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.relation.ispartofseries Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology;1
dc.subject.other clastic anchor de_DE
dc.subject.other carcass processing de_DE
dc.subject.other butchery de_DE
dc.subject.other green-bone fracture de_DE
dc.subject.other Kadaver de_DE
dc.subject.other Mammut de_DE
dc.title Underwater carcass storage and processing of marrow, brains, and dental pulp: evidence for the role of proboscideans in human subsistence de_DE
dc.type Buch (einzelnes Kapitel) de_DE


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