Globalisation and its Effect on Inequality and Labour Markets

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Dokumentart: Dissertation
Date: 2021-03-16
Language: English
Faculty: 6 Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Wirtschaftswissenschaften
Advisor: Merlo, Valeria (Prof. Dr. oec. publ.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2021-02-19
DDC Classifikation: 330 - Economics
Keywords: Handel , Globalisierung , Taxation , Regionale Geografie , Heterogenität , Ungleichheit , Arbeitsmarkt
License: Publishing license excluding print on demand
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This dissertation consists of three self-contained essays and contributes to the discussion on heterogeneous effects of globalisation. Chapter 2 and 3 highlight how differences on the labour market imply heterogeneous effects when markets and countries become more integrated. Chapter 2 and 4 emphasis heterogeneous regional implications of national policies in a global-ized world. Chapter 2 stresses theoretically as well as empirically that at the firm level the employment ef-fects of trade liberalisation can depend on the labour market situation of the regional labour market a firm is situated in. As such a national trade liberalisation can have regionally different consequences, since regions differ in terms of the labour market situation. Chapter 3 emphasises the possibility of firms to influence their bargaining power in the intra firm wage bargaining process and highlights the interplay of both the export and the bargaining pow-er improvement decision of a firm. Calibrating a general equilibrium, spatial quantitative model Chapter 4 studies the region and sector specific effects of changes in national corporate tax policies in a globalised world. There-by it is emphasised how the linkages in the production structure as well as sectoral and regional differences imply spillovers and heterogeneous effects of a homogeneous national policy.

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