Cellular Dynamical Mean-field Theory in large Impurity Clusters

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/110978
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Date: 2021-10-20
Language: English
Faculty: 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Physik
Advisor: Andergassen, Sabine (Prof. Dr.)
Day of Oral Examination: 2020-10-20
DDC Classifikation: 530 - Physics
Keywords: Dynamische Molekularfeldtheorie , Kondensierte Materie
Other Keywords:
Dynamical mean-field theory
Cellular dynamical mean-field theory
License: Publishing license including print on demand
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Even after decades of intense research, the single band Hubbard model representing the fundamental model for interacting quantum systems and electronic correlations remains an unsolved cornerstone paradigm in theoretical solid state physics. Within the non-perturbative dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT), the lattice problem is mapped to a self-consistent auxiliary quantum impurity model leading to a local approximation of the self-energy. Nonlocal correlations can be included by the real-space cluster extension of the DMFT (CDMFT). Enlarging the unit cell makes the calculation of a numerically exact solution in CDMFT very challenging. We here use a quantum Monte-Carlo approach in the imaginary-time space in order to solve the self-consistency equations for different cluster sizes. In order to restore the broken translational symmetry re-periodization schemes for the Green function, the self-energy, or its cumulants have been introduced. However, these suffer from ambiguity and may even lead to convergence problems when attempted inside the self-consistency loop. The comparison to numerically exact diagrammatic quantum Monte Carlo calculations shows that introducing a so-called centerfocused extrapolation (CFE) to approximate the lattice self-energy yields very accurate results. Moreover, the CFE converges faster with the cluster size than previous periodization schemes. We here perform a detailed CDMFT analysis for the single-band Hubbard model on the 2D square lattice, reaching real-space cluster sizes of up to 9x9 sites. In addition to spectral properties, we also compute two-particle correlation functions which are not accessible in DMFT. Using benchmarks against diagrammatic Monte Carlo at high temperature, we show that the cluster spin susceptibility can be extrapolated to the exact result at large cluster size. In particular, the exponential decay of spin-spin correlations is very well captured by CDMFT calculations, even when correlations extend beyond the size of the cluster. We further present results at lower temperature T and larger $U$ than the range currently accessible with diagrammatic Monte Carlo methods techniques. The CDMFT+CFE represents therefore a powerful computational tool to access the physics of non-local correlations beyond dynamical mean-field theory.

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